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Islam to West Africa in the A.D. Many merchants in West Africa became Muslims. Ghana was the first great trading empire in West Africa. It grew powerful during the A.D. 400s as a center of trade. Ghana was located between the salt mines of the Sahara and the gold mines of West Africa. Ghana’s kings became. I’ve already mentioned Dr. Ben as he was affectionately known. On this idea of Africans, he states: “Egypt is not the first great civilization along the Nile river, it is the last. The only difference is their legacy was preserved in stone.” Let that sink in! “Egypt was not the first great African civilization, it was the last.”. The Great West African Kingdoms Read the text for each of the great kingdoms of West Africa; Ghana, Mali, and Songhay. The fourth text explains how parts of North Africa came to be Islamic. As you read, think about how the events in the four texts are related to one. A Heritage of great civilizations on the African soil. Often found in the center of villages or central meeting place of elders, or in sacred areas, researchers initially counted about 450 in Eastern Nigeria, but now because of diverse issues, only about 300 can be found.
The ancient Egyptian civilisation grew for thousands of years intact because the Nile River Valley and Mediterranean and Red Sea border kept foreigners and their ideas away.
The Nile River was very important to Egyptian civilisation. The Nile provided a communication and trade route across a huge and harsh land. Yearly flooding of the Nile nourished the dry surrounding farms. People had always built their homes in towns and cities along the banks of the Nile. The earliest inhabitants of this region were Stone-Age hunter-gatherers who found the area rich in wildlife. Big shifts in climate led to the change from the nomadic way of life to one of settled farming communities.
The Nile River
The Nile is the biggest river in Africa. The river comes from the meeting of three rivers from Sudan, Uganda and Ethiopia. It starts in south (Upper) Egypt and ends at the country's northern border with the Mediterranean Sea (Lower Egypt).
The ancient Greeks saw Egypt as a gift of the Nile. Egypt's existence was made possible by the river. The ancient Egyptians settled on the narrow strip of rich alluvial soil along both banks of the Nile. This strip provided good agricultural soil. Egyptians always lived close to the Nile as it was an abundant water source providing protection against the surrounding harsh desert environment.
Egypt was split into two regions. These were the higher ground and narrower river valleys in the south and the flat flood plains in the north by the sea. Another natural boundary, the Red Sea, extends roughly parallel to the Nile lies to the East. These two seas ensured that the Egyptians were the only people of the ancient world able to control both western and eastern foreign trade.
Egyptian Pyramids. Image source
The majority of buildings were built using sun-dried bricks made from river clay. These walls lasted long because they were protected from weathering by an external stone face. There are many kinds of stone in Egypt, and it was the first region in the ancient Middle East to develop a monumental stone architecture.
The Egyptian nation was stretched along a very long river. Boats were used for transporting goods and allowing communication. These were made from imported wood, because there were no forests and trees to be found nearby.
Egypt has only spring and summer seasons. Rain is rare and the climate is warm and pleasant. The large farming population was freed up during the flood months. The ruling group was able to use these people on massive building projects.
The triangular shape of the pyramids shows the control of one person over many.
Ancient Egyptian religion remained mostly the same over thousands of years. Although the Egyptians claimed to be monotheistic (believing in one God), in practice they were polytheistic (worshipping many Gods). Religion was organised by powerful priests. The Pharaoh or king was considered to be God's second in command. In this way the ancient Egyptian beliefs supported the political and social way of life at the time.
Egyptians had a very long ritual for the after-life. This included the embalming( preserving) of bodies to be put into a special room or tomb inside huge structures such as the pyramids.. Kings and nobles were the only people who could afford this ritual. It led to the creation of the monuments of ancient Egypt, like the famous pyramids.
Using the food cultivated by a favourable climate and forced labour, the Pharaohs financed huge pyramids that would eventually contain their embalmed bodies and worldly riches for the after-life. A very large staff of trained craftsmen and an army of peasant, slave and prisoners of war built these pyramids during the flood period in summer.
Ancient Egyptians are said to be the first people to have a dictator. Social relations and work instructions were determined by priests and scribes under a powerful Pharaoh, who played the role of god, king and high priest. The Pharaoh owned all land and controlled the country with an iron fist.
A day in the life of an Egyptian (click here).
The royal family, priests and those in charge of the management of the people were all free from hard work. These people's children automatically inherited the same position of privilege. This privileged group made a huge contribution in their studies of mathematics and the development of writing (on clay and papyrus).
The civilisation of Nubia
King Sabacus. Image source
The civilisation of Nubia lay in today's Sudan south of Egypt. Much is known about Egyptian civilisation but few people know about a civilisation that ruled Egypt for as many as a hundred years. The black race pharaohs in Egyptian history were actually Nubian or Sudanese kings. The two civilisations lived side by side for a long time and share many similarities. Nubia had pyramids similar to ones in Egypt. There are 223 pyramids in Sudan, over half the number of those in Egypt. The Nubian civilisation was known as the Ta Seti kingdom and its kings ruled Egypt in 712-657 BC as the 25th dynasty. It is believed that the first Nubian king to rule Egypt was Sabacus. After Egypt regained independence from the Nubians, the Nubian civilisation continued for 1000 years in Sudan.
This sculpture below was for a Nubian Ruler. The Nubian rulers in Egypt were known as powerful rulers and their power can be seen in the monuments built for them by the Egyptians.
Nubian Ruler. Image source
The Nubian kingdom was advanced with a written language. Nubia culture existed in a harsh environment with little rain. The River Nile could not support large numbers of people as it did in Egypt. However, the region was rich in gold, ivory, and ebony.
The Nubian people converted to Christianity in the year 540. The influence of Christianity can be seen in the buildings and culture. Christian religious books were translated into the Nubian language. The Nubians also wrote down their laws, letters and other documents. These writings are a precious record of this culture and language. It is also believed that because of this early conversion to Christianity, the Nubians were among the first people to spread the faith in Europe. Before converting to Christianity, the Nubian religion was similar to that practised in Egypt. For example, they also believed in war gods like the one below.
The Nubian rulers grew weaker as time passed and in the 15th century the kingdom finally dissolved.
The Arabs took over the region bringing with them their own culture. However, in some areas of southern Egypt and northern Sudan the Nubian people kept their culture and traditions until the present day.
An example of Nubian writing and the lion headed war god Image source
Map showing the location of Swahili civilization in Africa. Image source
The Swahili civilisation lay on the east African coast, from Mogadishu in the North towards Sofala (today Beira) and Inhambane in the South. This civilisation existed from around 100 A.D. Swahili civilisation came about through the mixing of the original local people with foreigners with whom they traded, especially the Arabs. The cultures of many groups blended together to form a new language and culture, called ‘Swahili’ by the Arabs. It means ‘people of the coast’ in Arabic. They were called this because they lived in the coastal towns, which made it easy for them to trade with the Arabs who came across the ocean in boats to trade. Unlike the Egyptians and Nubians, the Swahili people did not build a single kingdom or empire to rule all the Swahili people and coastal towns. These coastal towns or city-states were independent from each other and they sometimes competed for control of trade. The Swahili people also traded with other African kingdoms like Mapungubwe in southern Africa.
Swahili Mosque at Lamu Island North Of Mombasa, Kenya. Image source
A traveller's handbook, the Periplus, written by a Roman traveller between 40 and 70 A.D, gives some picture of what Swahili people and their lives were like. It describes the ports that were visited, the goods traded and what the coastal traders were like. The Periplus was written to show the people of Rome that there were many trading opportunities with East Africa. This information was useful for writing the history of the Swahili people before Islamic scholars put together their records on the Swahili people.
Trade with the Arabs and the immigration of Arab people to the East coast influenced the area. Stone-wall buildings can be found that follow Arabic Asian designs. These are different from the buildings found further inland. These buildings combined African and Arabic building styles. Many Swahili rulers adopted Islamic religion and political titles like ‘Sultan’. They used Islam and the new Swahili language to unite the people and create a new culture unique to the East coast of Africa. Like the Egyptians and Nubian heritages, the Swahili people also wrote down their history. As a result, we are able to learn the history of the Swahili from these writings.
Image: City of Mogadishu. Image source
The Swahili civilisation came to an end after the Portuguese conquest in the early 1500s. In conquering Swahili towns, the Portuguese destroyed and looted many buildings. The Portuguese were searching for gold and ivory and knew that the Eastern coast was rich in these. Ivory and gold was used to decorate buildings in Swahili coastal towns. Despite Portuguese conquest, Swahili culture and traditions are still practised today.
Here is a beginners set
What is ancient Kemet?
For most people, ancient Kemet is synonymous with Egypt. Egypt definitely owes a lot of its culture to Kemet. However, Kemet is the name for an area in Africa that “bubbled” up from the southern Nile river valley all the way into present-day Egypt.
“Nubia (present-day Sudan) is the mother of Egyptian Knowledge, Ethiopia is the daughter, and Somalia, Kenya, and Uganda is the grandmother.” – Egyptologist Dr. Yosef Ben Jochonnan
In other words, the knowledge you now see on the walls of ancient Egypt originated within interior Africa.
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Great African Civilizations Pdf
Kemet means the “black land” or land of the blacks depending on who you asked about the interpretations. The people of ancient Kemet were black African people. This is important to note because western society has been silent on Africa and its history.
Egypt is the only country in Africa that has left a historical record in stone. That’s why we know so much about the history of [ancient Egypt] today, but not interior Africa. The black African people ruled Egypt Exclusively until c.a. 1650 BCE. This is the time when a “mixed group of Asiatic people” known as the Hyksos invaded Egypt.
That statement is to recognize this point, that Egypt was distinctly black and African for thousands of years. Why is this important to note? Because people of the African diaspora need to recognize that they built the greatest civilization known to exist on this planet. And that Africans had one of the most profound impacts on civilization the world has NEVER known. [Learn more here.]
That is until very recent times. There are many people now starting to bring forth the truth of the impact that Africa, and its people, have had on the world beyond the slave trade.
I’ve already mentioned Dr. Ben as he was affectionately known. On this idea of Africans, he states: “Egypt is not the first great civilization along the Nile river, it is the last. The only difference is their legacy was preserved in stone.”
Let that sink in! “Egypt was not the first great African civilization, it was the last.” This is being borne out by many people that call themselves Kemetologist. They see themselves different from Egyptologist because they are using multi-disciplinary fields like:
Geology, which is the science that deals with the earths physical structure and substance, its history and the processes that act on it.
Archeoastronomy, which is the investigation of the astronomical knowledge of prehistoric cultures.
And Paleoclimatology, which is the study of climate taken on the scale of the entire history of the earth [weather patterns]. All three of these sciences are being used to uncover the mystery of Egypt and not just Archeology.
The indigenous wisdom teachings date the civilization known as ancient Kemet to around 65,000 years old. Give or take a few thousand years. This idea fly’s in the face of Egyptology who want to date Modern civilization from around 6,000 years ago to fit their theoretical model of the development of civilization.
Egyptologist believe in a paradigm that civilization moves from the simple to the complex. There is starting to be much evidence from the Kemetologist that make this paradigm seem ridiculous!
Great African Civilizations Pdf Notes
That’s doesn’t mean all the new information is correct, but it does open up things for a lot more questions. Now I’m not going to make what I share with you solely about race. What I share effects humanity, not just one facet of this fabricated idea of race. However, it does need to be recognized that in today’s highly racialized society that Africans were front and center in the development of world civilization.
I speak of ancient Kemet to give credit where credit is due for some fascinating ideas in science, philosophy, theology, and metaphysics. Over the past 500 years, this contribution has been completely dismissed or ignored on the world stage. For the African diaspora, this information is relevant and important for the healing of deep wounds.
For other cultures, this idea may be foreign to you for many reasons. I’m not asking [permission] for you to accept it or validate it. Just know from the perspective of one [that is] from the African diaspora that it is real and necessary.
I will be moving forward from here to share some history and metaphysical ideas expressed in the stones that are amazing and life-transforming. The focus will be more on the metaphysical aspects with history as a context for the ideas.
I know you’re probably used to really getting deep into the factual history. But, ancient Kemet and its effects go so much deeper when you understand the metaphysical practices and practical application to your life. If you were raised Christian what you will find often time scripture you thought was literal, was in actuality a Kemetian metaphysical idea that was changed and reinterpreted as a literal and religious idea.
Just one example is John 1:1 and it states: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. This was a reiteration of a Kemetian proverb that was reinterpreted by Christians as proof that God was made flesh through Jesus. [Learn more here]
In reality, it is a reference to a Kemetian metaphysical concept that is thousands of years old! I know this will be a challenge for many to accept, but this is the knowledge we will delve deeper into moving forward.
It’s not just about the history of civilization. It’s not ultimately about race. It’s about transforming and empowering humanity. The truth is, EVERY human being is a descendant of Africa.
Thank you for watching.
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Ancient Kemet Post video knowledge
The Greeks are giving credit as the mother of western civilization. But what is starting to come forth is that the Greek Miracle in European civilization was due to the influence of its African teachers. [learn more here]
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Great African Civilizations Pdf History
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